ACME
Indonésie : La Cour suprême a scellé l'affaire de l'eau pour Jakarta 12/10/2017 FO Hebdo 11 octobre 2017 : Privatiser des services publics locaux serait enfin démodé ? : Le contrôle de la gestion de l’eau est de plus en plus repris par le secteur public au sein des municipalités 11/10/2017 Turin remunicipalise sa gestion de l'eau 09/10/2017 Merci la régie de l'eau de Fougères :  très peu de fuites avec un taux de rendement de 95 % et un prix un des moins chers du département d'Ile et Vilaine 09/10/2017 le sénateur maire de Saint Maurice (94) 1er vice président du SEDIF depuis 1983 Christian Cambon quittera sa mairie le 14 octobre et il sera remplace par le Directeur des relations institutionnelles Eau France de SUEZ depuis 17 ans Igor Semo 07/10/2017 Le festival du film latin démarre jeudi prochain à Épernay 06/10/2017 France Culture : Le trouble prix de l'eau Dans les communes où le service de gestion de l’eau n’est pas municipalisé, certains arrangements avec les sociétés prestataires demeurent. Et c'est le consommateur qui en paye la facture. 04/10/2017 L'Est Républicain 4 octobre 2017 : PAYS DE MONTBÉLIARD Le débat sur l’eau refait surface 04/10/2017 Marie-Noëlle Battistel (PS) demande en qualité de Présidente de l'ANEM (Association Nationale des Elus de Montagne) la révision de la loi NOTRe. Une révision qui porterait sur un élément fort : le transfert des compétences eau et assainissement aux i 04/10/2017 Documentaire Arte 24 octobre 20h15 à 21h55 : Le poison de la mafia rediffusion 3 novembre 9h25 30/09/2017 L'Etat pompe les budgets des agences de l'eau : le personnel se met en grève 30/09/2017 Arte thema mardi 12 décembre 20h40 (date à confirmer) : Jusqu'à la dernière goutte - La guerre secrète de l'eau en Europe documentaire 2017 de 52 mn de Yorgos Avgeropoulos  30/09/2017 NÎMES MÉTROPOLE La gestion de l’eau au Tribunal 29/09/2017 Capital octobre 2017 : Prix de l'eau : le scandale continue (les français paient de 10 à 50% en trop) 29/09/2017 La retraite après près de 42 ans à la Générale des Eaux devenue Vivendi puis Veolia Eau 28/09/2017 Intervention de C Leboeuf élue communautaire lors du conseil communautaire de Paris Saclay du 27 septembre 2017 28/09/2017 Lettre du collectif Aggl'Eau-CPS aux élu-e-s de la Communauté Paris Saclay 27/09/2017 Enquête 2015 du CD 91 sur le prix de l'eau en Essonne 26/09/2017 Lettre de Jean Luc Touly au président de la CPS et au vice président en charge de l'eau et de l'assainissement 26/09/2017 L’eau, un investissement qui rapporte en Bourse 26/09/2017 Question à poser demain au Conseil Départemental de l'Essonne 24/09/2017 Conseil Départemental de l'Essonne : ordre du jour du 25 septembre 9h : Nouvelle politique départementale de l'eau présentée par B Vermillet et en présence de M Bournat 23/09/2017 Le PDG de Veolia "serein" face aux soupçons de corruption en Roumanie 22/09/2017 Antoine Frérot, le PDG de Veolia, se dit "serein" sur l'issue des enquêtes en cours dont fait l'objet la filiale roumaine du groupe, soupçonnée d'avoir versé des pots-de-vin à des officiels locaux 21/09/2017 Perturbateurs endocriniens : l'Inserm quantifie pour la première fois l'effet cocktail  Bases de données BRGM sur la qualité des eaux de surface et souterraines 16/09/2017 Le PDG de Veolia invité à la fête de l'humanité fêtera avec le président communiste du Siaap ce nouveau marche à 397 millions d'euros qu'il vient de lui attribuer ! 15/09/2017 FO Hebdo : Veolia eau : nouvelle grève contre le plan social (MERCREDI 13 SEPTEMBRE 2017 EVELYNE SALAMERO) 13/09/2017 Capital 11 septembre : PLAN SOCIAL CHEZ VEOLIA : CFDT ET CGT SE DÉCHIRENT, LA MANNE DU CE EN LIGNE DE MIRE 11/09/2017 Capital Hors Série septembre 2017 : le business de l'environnement chez Suez : l'eau dessalée par Suez, plus chère que l'Evian 10/09/2017 Le Point : Veolia et sa filiale roumaine sous le coup d'une enquête américaine et du Parquet national financier (PNF) 08/09/2017 Courrier recommandé de JL Touly au président de la CADA Commission d'Accès aux Documents Administratifs 06/09/2017 INFO FRANCEINFO. Réduction du débit d'eau : Veolia et la Saur à nouveau condamnées 05/09/2017 Ouest France et France Bleu août 2017 : À Crozon, l'assainissement en eaux troubles 30/08/2017 Le temps vire au gris avec Veolia ! Un niveau alarmant de créances allié à l'irritabilité des autorités gabonaises ont tendu les rapports avec le groupe français. Révélations. 30/08/2017 Marche pour l'eau Bourges 14 septembre 2017 29/08/2017 Alors qu'un 4ème plan de suppression d'emplois est annoncé aux salariés de Veolia Eau, Veolia ouvre un débat de fond sur l'eau en présence du directeur général de Veolia Eau F Van Heems, de V Huvelin secrétaire CGT du CCE, de D Poly secrétaire CGT 27/08/2017 L'Est Eclair : Quatre choses à savoir sur la remunicipalisation de la gestion de l'eau potable à Troyes 25/08/2017 Coupures illégales d'eau : reportage dans Complément d'enquête France 2 le 7 septembre 23h : en Guadeloupe, les coupures d'eau sont quotidiennes 20/08/2017 Contestation de la légalité de la délibération inscrite en point 23 de la séance du Conseil communautaire Paris Saclay du 28 juin 2017. « Approbation et autorisation donnée au Président de signer des avenants de clôture aux contrats de concession eau 18/08/2017 Le nouveau rapport de l’ONU revoit à la hausse les chiffres du manque d’accès à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement 15/08/2017
           
Communiqués de Presse syndicalistes et politiques

Lettre d'El Alto (Bolivie) à la Banque Mondiale pour stopper la privatisation de l'eau

Letter to the World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, and KFW calling on them to stop promoting the privatization of Water.



EL Alto, 5 April 2005

Mr. James D. Wolfensohn
Mr. James D. Wolfensohn
Mr. James D. Wolfensohn
President of the World Bank
Mr. Enrique V. Iglesias
President of the Inter-American Development Bank
Mr. Hans W. Reich
President of the Board of KFW
Re.: Need to change the conditions of International Cooperation.

Dear Sirs,</center>

We are writing as representatives of more than 80,000 residents from the City of El Alto in Bolivia, who for more than 8 years have challenged and acted to overturn the privatization of drinking water in the city of La Paz and El Alto, due to their negative consequences for our community and our rights as citizens. We are writing to you because the international organizations which you lead, have supported and promoted the concession of our water supplies to the Aguas del IIlimani company, which includes its principal shareholders: the transnational French company Suez and IFC of the World Bank.


The aim of this letter is to show the grave mistakes that have been made in the process of privatization, to call for reflection and ask - in both a respectful but very firm way - that international aid should not be conditioned on the continued involvement of the private sector in the provision of drinking water either by Suez or any other private company in El Alto or La Paz.

The support that the international aid community gives, which is based on the contributions of citizens of countries in the North, should be used to resolve poverty and in particular enabling access to water, and not as a means for providing business opportunities for private and transnational companies.

The main mistakes of privatization

1)
  • The privatization of the Municipal Water and Sewage Authority (SAMAPA) for La Paz and El Alto was part of the conditions imposed by the World Bank, IADB, and IMF on Bolivia in negotiations on external debt relief in 1996.
    2)
  • Only one company, Aguas del Illimani-Suez, made an offer at the tendering stage. Despite this, and instead of arranging a second tendering, the terms of reference were changed and the company's bid was accepted. The organizations that you lead supported this privatization process with different loans and financial support to the Ministry of Capitalization and SAMAPA to prepare it for privatization.
    3)
  • Before SAMAPA was privatized, the water rates were dollarised. In 1996, the rates increased between 21% and 51% in different categories. At the same time as the awarding of the contract, rates rose again by 19%. In the eight years of privatization, rates rose 35% in Bolivian pesos due to the devaluation of our national currency. To this we must add, that privatization established the highest commercial rate ($1.18 dollars per cubic meter) for water provided to the public sector, i.e. schools, hospitals, parks and other state facilities.
    4)
  • During the process of tendering, it was said that privatization would be a way of attracting private investment in order to increase access to water services. Carlos Yeregui, legal representative of Aguas del Illimani, said to the press on 27 June 1997, that they would ”invest 80 million dollars in the next 5 years and 350 million dollars in the 30 years of the concession.” But when they signed the contract, they changed their promises of investment in terms of new connections.
    5)
  • The contract established a guaranteed profit of 13% for the private concession.
    6)
  • The contract guaranteed a double payment to the private concession for its investment. On the one hand, Annex 10 of the contract said that the calculation of the rates could be made taking into account the costs of operation and maintenance, depreciation, investment and profits. On the other hand, clause 26.3 stated that termination of the contract for whatever reason would require payment worth the value of the company's net fixed assets.
    7)
  • Despite these irregularities and abuses, you granted credits, to Aguas del Illimani and the World Bank (through the IFC), so that it could be an associate with the company with an 8% share.
    8)
  • The primary responsibility for the signing of the contract lies with the Ministry for Capitalization, the Superintendent of Water, the Municipal Government and the National Government, but we must ask: Why did you make no comment or question the contract before becoming associates and granting credits to Aguas del Illimani?
    9)
  • The organizations which you lead presented Aguas del IIlimani as a great example to the international community, and publicized the “Condominial System” as a “pro-poor” solution. Even this failed dismally in El Alto because it is not possible to establish a second-rate sewage system that runs through properties and allows feces to flow back into houses. We invite you to come to El Alto and see what has happened with this “condominial system” and understand why they didn't extend services to the rest of the city. We may be poor but we still have dignity.
    10)
  • At the end of the first five years (1997-2001) Aguas del IIlimani did not complete the promised 71,752 drinking water connections that were agreed in the contract with El Alto. They only achieved 52,000. Aguas del Illimani argued that the residents did not link to the network and that it wasn't their responsibility. So with the complicity of the Superintendent of Primary Health, they changed the criteria from number of connections to that of coverage, that is to say that they were responsible for the area covered by pipes even if residents weren't connected. Aguas del Illimani publicised to Bolivia and the world that they had reached “coverage” of 96% in El Alto.
    11)
  • Aguas del Illimani said that they invested approximately 50 million dollars during this first five years, that is to say 30 times less than what they had announced publicly before gaining the concession. Nevertheless, what stands out is that the majority of this investment was money from the World Bank, IADB, KFW and CAF. In other words: the privatization did not bring new money from the private sector as had been promised. Instead it was the international aid community that provided between 70 and 80% of the investment for Suez-Aguas del Illimani.
    12)
  • During the negotiation of targets for expansion and rates for the second five-year contract (2002-2006), Aguas del IIlimani and the Superintendent of Basic Health agreed, initially, that the private concession would deliver 15,000 new connections outside the area served by the company but inside the area of the concession within the city of El Alto. But then, Aguas del IIlimani asked for a rise in rates for consumption of water of 25%. As a result of a poorly transparent process, the company agreed with the Superintendent to a rise in rates of 12.5%, along with a rise in costs for connections and a reduction in the afore-mentioned new connections. As a result of this, the rates for connections to drinking water and sewage systems rose to between $335 and $445 dollars, which is the equivalent of nine minimum wage salaries in Bolivia.
    13)
  • These two decisions (the rise in rates for connections and the elimination of 15,000 connections) affected 208,000 people, which was noted in correspondence sent by the Superintendent Ing. Franz Rojas to the Manager of Aguas del IIlimani on 5th January 2005.
    14)
  • As Aguas del Illimani announced that it wasn't going to make new investment in the second contract 2002-2006 (according to reports by Ficht Raiting), the State law Nº 2642 was passed on 9 March 2004, in which the State granted concessional credits and international aid donations to Aguas del IIlimani. The Swiss government made a donation of $3 million dollars covering 13% of Aguas del IIlimani's fixed profits and the World Bank, European Union, KFW and IADB announced that they would provide further resources for Aguas del IIlimani.
    15)
  • Faced with this situation, the Federation of Neighborhood Committees of El Alto (FEJUVE) reiterated its demand for the end of the contract with Aguas del Illimani, a demand that was approved by all our congresses since 1997. For us, it is absolutely unjustifiable that more than 200,000 people should remain without water in order to guarantee the profit rates for Aguas del Illimani or that international aid cooperation for the poor should be used to enrich transnational companies.
    16)
  • After exhausting all possibilities for dialogue, we started an indefinite blockade of El Alto on the 10th January. On the 12th January, the Government passed a special decree ending the contract with Aguas del Ilimani explaining that: “the Government has responsibly taken the appropriate actions to revise the contract with the aim of meeting the needs of the population of the city of El Alto and to enable the extension of service to the 200,000 people who need service, after exhausting all approaches to the Company Aguas del Illimani S.A.” In a speech on 6 March, the President of the Republic of Bolivia said: “I believe that Aguas del Illimani did not play clean with El Alto, I believe that Aguas del Illimani did not fulfill the key objective of its contract, and I believe that we had to revise the contract, and as Aguas del Illimani did not want to do this, that the contract had to be ended.”
    17)
  • To begin with the municipal governments of La Paz and El Alto and the national government considered the possibility of temporarily returning the utility to the hands of SAMAPA until a new company was formed together with residents and neighborhood associations of both cities. However this possibility was blocked by pressure from the international aid community which conditioned the continuity of new loans on the establishment of a “mixed society,” public-private company, in which the shareholders of Aguas del Illimani could participate.
    18)
  • In a communiqué to the press on 3 March 2005, the Germany Embassy stated that the continuation of international cooperation depended on: 1) The existence of an “amicable solution” to the conflict with Aguas del Illimani which avoids the payment of indemnities and 2) the establishment of a mixed enterprise. Literally, the communiqué said: “Without these conditions, it will be impossible to fulfill our financial support for tackling the problems of water and sanitation for El Alto.” Why does Bolivia not have the right to initiate legal action against this company if the conditions for an amicable termination are unacceptable especially if there are a series of irregularities and unfulfilled commitments by the aforementioned company? Is it because the World Bank is a shareholder in Aguas del Illimani through the IFC? Why does the model for a new company always have to include private participation that exploits nature to seek a profit.
    19)

El Alto on its feet, never on its knees.

Lettre d'El Alto (Bolivie) à la Banque Mondiale pour stopper la privatisation de l'eau


Abel Mamani – President, FEJUVE El Alto
Eliodoro Equiapaza – Vice-President
Jorge Chura – Secretary General
Manuel Olivares Tito – Secretary for Transport and Communication
Eugenio Huanca – Secretary for Housing
Rafael Mamani – Secretary for Human Rights
Mercedes Condori Quispe – Secretary for Land
Adolfo Puma Morales – Secretary for Conflict
Fortunato Calcina – Secretary for Popular Participation



LES LIENS SUR LE REFUS DE SUEZ EN BOLIVIE


Lettre d'El Alto (Bolivie) à la Banque Mondiale pour stopper la privatisation de l'eau

Lundi 25 Avril 2005
Vendredi 31 Mars 2006
JEAN-LUC TOULY
Lu 3796 fois

Dans la même rubrique :

Les leçons de Suez - 10/03/2006

1 2

Communiqués de Presse d'Anticor | Communiqués de Presse d'ATTAC | Communiqués de Presse de la CACE | Communiqués de Presse de France Libertés | Communiqués de Presse de S-EAU-S | Communiqués de Presse de transcub | Communiqués de Presse syndicalistes et politiques

Mentions légales
Pour une recherche d'articles par thèmes, cliquez sur le mot de votre choix !
actions juridiques adhésion affaires troubles afrique agences de l'eau agriculture algerie algues bleues algérie angleterre anti-gaspillage argentine arnaques ? asie assainissement assainissement non collectif associations associations en lutte australie banque mondiale barrage barrages ben s'mim biogaz bolivie bordeaux bretagne brésil canada castres cge chili chine coca cola cognac colloque colloque 2006 colloques 2006 compteurs condamnation contentieux contrats contrats en contentieux corruption corse cyanobactéries danasi dessalement droits de l'eau déchets eau embouteillée eau potable ecocide edf enel film financements de projets france-libertés fuites fusion gabon gestion alternative grenelle de l'environnement guerre de l'eau inde investissement islande israel l'europe de l'eau las vegas les antilles lille lobby lobbying loi oudin santini loi sur l'eau luttes lyon maladies mali manifestations marché de l'eau maroc mauvais rendement messier mexico 2006 mexique mortalité médicaments neufchateau niger nitrates nucléaire observatoire parisien paris pascua lama pauvretés perou pollution pollution de l'eau pollution de l'eau potable pollution des nappes pollution eau potable pollution minière pollutions pollutions agricoles pollutions de l'eau pollutions des nappes pollutions des rivières pollutions industrielles portraits ppp privatisation prix de l'eau proglio pérou pétition que choisir? quebec quimper radio radioactivité rechauffement climatique remunicipalisation renégociation réchauffement climatique réunions publiques santini saur sedif services publics à vendre services publiques à vendre solutions suez suisse sécheresse tentatives remunicipalisation toulouse touly unesco université de l'eau uruguay usa varages veolia veolia orient, l'affaire vivendi véolia zimbabwe écocide